Understanding Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior, often in a clinical context. The term c...

Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior, often in a clinical context. The term covers a broad range of disorders, from depression to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) to personality disorders. Counselors, clinical psychologists, and psychotherapists often work directly in this field.

Understanding Abnormal Psychology
Understanding Abnormal Psychology

The term abnormal itself is the subject of considerable debate. What exactly is "normal" and who gets to decide? The social norms that are often used to determine what is normal versus abnormal can also shift over time, so settling on a standard definition isn't simple.

What Is Abnormal Psychology?

Understanding Abnormal Psychology by Marketing Media Hub
Understanding Abnormal Psychology by Marketing Media Hub

Abnormal psychology focuses on the patterns of emotion, thought, and behavior that can be signs of a mental health condition. Rather than the distinction between normal and abnormal, psychologists in this field focus on the level of distress that behaviors, thoughts, or emotions might cause.

If the behavior is creating problems in a person's life or is disruptive to other people, then this would be "abnormal" behavior. In such cases, the behavior may require some type of mental health intervention.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), nearly one in five U.S. adults live with a mental illness.

Perspectives on Abnormal Psychology

There are a number of different perspectives used in abnormal psychology. While some psychologists or psychiatrists may focus on a single viewpoint, many mental health professionals use elements from multiple areas in order to better understand and treat psychological disorders.

Read More:- Abnormal Psychology in Ahmedabad

Psychoanalytic Approach

This perspective has its roots in the theories of Sigmund Freud. The psychoanalytic approach suggests that many abnormal behaviors stem from unconscious thoughts, desires, and memories.

While these feelings are outside of awareness, they are still believed to influence conscious actions.

Therapists who take this approach believe that by analyzing memories, behaviors, thoughts, and even dreams, people can uncover and deal with some of the feelings that have been leading to maladaptive behaviors and distress.

Behavioral Approach

This approach to abnormal psychology focuses on observable behaviors. In behavioral therapy, the focus is on reinforcing positive behaviors and not reinforcing maladaptive behaviors.

The behavioral approach targets only the behavior itself, not the underlying causes. When dealing with abnormal behavior, a behavioral therapist might utilize strategies such as classical conditioning and operant conditioning to help eliminate unwanted behaviors and teach new behaviors.

Medical Approach

This approach to abnormal psychology focuses on the biological causes of mental illness, emphasizing understanding the underlying cause of disorders, which might include genetic inheritance, related physical illnesses, infections, and chemical imbalances. Medical treatments are often pharmacological in nature, although medication is often used in conjunction with some type of psychotherapy.

Cognitive Approach

The cognitive approach to abnormal psychology focuses on how internal thoughts, perceptions, and reasoning contribute to psychological disorders. Cognitive treatments typically focus on helping the individual change their thoughts or reactions.

Cognitive therapy might also be used in conjunction with behavioral methods in a technique known as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Topics in Abnormal Psychology

The main topics in abnormal psychology are the study, understanding, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of psychological disorders. Psychological disorders are defined as patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple areas of life. These conditions create distress for the person experiencing symptoms.

The "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and is used by mental health professionals for a variety of purposes. The manual contains a listing of psychiatric disorders, diagnostic codes, information on the prevalence of each disorder, and diagnostic criteria. Some of the categories of psychological disorders include:

  • Anxiety disorders, such as social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder
  • Mood disorders, such as depression and bipolar disorder
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders, such as an intellectual disability or autism spectrum disorder
  • Neurocognitive disorders like delirium
  • Personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
  • Substance use disorders

A Word From Verywell

Abnormal psychology may focus on atypical behavior, but its focus is not to ensure that all people fit into a narrow definition of "normal." In most cases, it is centered on identifying and treating problems that may be causing distress or impairment in some aspect of an individual's life. By better understanding what is "abnormal," researchers and therapists can come up with new ways to help people live healthier and more fulfilling lives.

COMMENTS

Name

Ahmedabad,23,Ahmedabad Local,9,Architect,2,Beauty & Salon,5,Breast Cancer,5,Business,6,Calcium Carbonate,1,Cancer Pain,1,Chemical,5,Dealer,3,Eye,18,Finance,20,Gastroenterology,1,Gujarat,2,Health,18,Hospital,2,Hotels,1,India,27,Industrial,9,Interior Design,4,Interior Designer,4,Manufacturer,8,modular kitchens,1,Mumbai,3,NGO,7,SEO,1,Supplier,5,Treatment,15,Xanthan Gum,1,
ltr
item
HealthCare Trends | Free Health Guest Posting USA: Understanding Abnormal Psychology
Understanding Abnormal Psychology
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2uC1UTVSgkQ/YQPY-FtVYsI/AAAAAAAABSA/eQI-GeJyrPAoE4iFOuIjHleLXjZsjfB0gCLcBGAsYHQ/w640-h334/Understanding%2BAbnormal%2BPsychology.jpg
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2uC1UTVSgkQ/YQPY-FtVYsI/AAAAAAAABSA/eQI-GeJyrPAoE4iFOuIjHleLXjZsjfB0gCLcBGAsYHQ/s72-w640-c-h334/Understanding%2BAbnormal%2BPsychology.jpg
HealthCare Trends | Free Health Guest Posting USA
https://www.healthcaretrends24.com/2021/07/understanding-abnormal-psychology.html
https://www.healthcaretrends24.com/
https://www.healthcaretrends24.com/
https://www.healthcaretrends24.com/2021/07/understanding-abnormal-psychology.html
true
3786625840489953838
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content